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What is dizziness (vertigo)?

Dizziness (or vertigo) - is a feeling of involuntary movement of your own body in space or the movement of surrounding objects relative to your body. The feeling of dizziness is accompanied by a feeling of instability, loss of balance. Dizziness, as a rule, is a harmless feeling and happens to almost everyone, but if it recurs regularly, especially if it can be described as severe dizziness, then you should consult a doctor.

The main types of dizziness:

  • Central dizziness - occurs due to disorders and / or diseases of the brain, for example injuries, hemorrhages, tumors.
  • Peripheral dizziness - occurs as a result of the damage of the inner ear or vestibular nerve.

Causes of dizziness:

  • alcohol consumption
  • certain medications
  • low blood sugar level
  • high or low blood pressure
  • menstruation, menopause, pregnancy
  • some diets, fasting
  • head or spinal injury
  • viral infections (cold, flu)
  • migraine
  • Meniere's disease
  • emotional exhaustion, stress, fear, depression
  • a brain tumor
  • stroke
  • otitis
  • cervical osteochondrosis

Contact family nurse or doctor if dizziness is accompanied by:

  • rise in temperature
  • vomiting

or if dizziness lasts more than 1 hour without any relief and you want to get an advice how to treat dizziness at home.

Visit Emergency department or call 112 in case dizziness is accompanied by:

  • severe headache with weakness in legs and arms
  • loss of consciousness

Doctors who can help online

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