What is dizziness (vertigo)?
Dizziness (or vertigo) - is a feeling of involuntary movement of your own body in space or the movement of surrounding objects relative to your body. The feeling of dizziness is accompanied by a feeling of instability, loss of balance. Dizziness, as a rule, is a harmless feeling and happens to almost everyone, but if it recurs regularly, especially if it can be described as severe dizziness, then you should consult a doctor.
The main types of dizziness:
- Central dizziness - occurs due to disorders and / or diseases of the brain, for example injuries, hemorrhages, tumors.
- Peripheral dizziness - occurs as a result of the damage of the inner ear or vestibular nerve.
Causes of dizziness:
- alcohol consumption
- certain medications
- low blood sugar level
- high or low blood pressure
- menstruation, menopause, pregnancy
- some diets, fasting
- head or spinal injury
- viral infections (cold, flu)
- Meniere's disease
- emotional exhaustion, stress, fear, depression
- a brain tumor
- cervical osteochondrosis
Contact family nurse or doctor if dizziness is accompanied by:
- rise in temperature
or if dizziness lasts more than 1 hour without any relief and you want to get an advice how to treat dizziness at home.
Visit Emergency department or call 112 in case dizziness is accompanied by:
- severe headache with weakness in legs and arms
- loss of consciousness
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